It is a word used in the place or instead of a noun so that we can avoid repetition of the Noun.
For example – Sarah came to the playground because Sarah saw her friends playing. Or
It can be written as – Sarah came to the playground because she saw her friends playing.
In the second sentence, we replaced the noun ‘Sarah’ by using a pronoun ‘she’. The second sentence is a better way to describe something because you don’t have to repeat the noun again and again.
There are 8 types of pronouns:
- Personal Pronoun
- Reflexive Pronoun
- Emphatic Pronoun
- Demonstrative Pronoun
- Indefinite Pronoun
- Distributive Pronoun
- Relative Pronoun
- Interrogative pronoun
1. Personal Pronoun
Read the sentences:
I play football.
We play football.
You play football.
They play football.
He/She plays football.
I, we, you, they, he, she and it are called Personal Pronouns.
Personal Pronouns denote :
- The person speaking
- The person spoken to
- The person spoken of
I and we denote the persons speaking and therefore called the first person.
‘You’ denotes the person spoken to and therefore called the second person.
He, she and they denote persons spoken of and are known as the third person.
If you consider yourself talking to your friend about your teacher (who is not there with you). You say to your friend “While you and I were making notes he(the teacher) was busy checking his schedule.”
In the example above I refers to the person who is speaking(the first person), you refer to the friend to whom you are speaking(the second person) whereas he and his referring to the person about whom you are having a conversation (the third person).
Different forms of the personal pronoun
When a pronoun acts as the subject of a verb it is known as the nominative pronoun.
Objective or Accusative:
When a pronoun acts as the object of a verb it is known as objective or accusative pronoun.
Possessive or Genitive:
When a pronoun shows possession or ownership then it is known as the possessive or genitive pronoun.
2. Reflexive pronoun
When self and selves are added to personal pronouns are called Compound Personal Pronouns
When the action performed by the subject reflects upon the subject by the use of words like myself, himself, yourself etc are known as reflexive pronouns.
for example- I cook food for myself.
He looked at himself in the mirror.
Nature takes care of itself.
3. Emphatic Pronouns
When Compound Personal Pronouns are used for emphasis then they are known as Emphatic Pronouns
for example- The coach himself announced the names.
She herself went to see the patients.
We were informed by the warden himself.
I will look into the matter myself.
4. Demonstrative Pronouns
These pronouns are used to point out the objects to which they refer.
This is the palace of an old royal family.
He likes this novel more than that.
These are the parts of car-engine.
She is the president of the committee and is as such treated by the members.
This(plural- these) is used to refer to something that is near to a person and that(plural-those) refers to what is far and more distant.
This pen is better than that.
The infrastructure of this city is better than that of Delhi.
Our players are more disciplined than those of the opponent.
In a sentence, when two things have been already mentioned, this is used to refer to the last mentioned and that is used to refer to the first mentioned.
Social and personal life are both an integral part of life, this(personal life) gives you peace of mind and that(social life) gives you recognition among people.
5. Indefinite pronouns
These pronouns refer to persons or things in a general way but not in any specific(particular) way.
None of our friends came today.
They take care of every issue.
Don’t think about what others may think.
Many of the books in his house were about science.
He asked some people about the subject.
Few of them went to the church.
Everybody wants a great career.
6. Distributive Pronouns
Read the following sentences:
Neither of the players got the chance.
Either of the books you can take.
Each of the girls passed the exam.
The words in italics(neither, either, each) are known as Distributive Pronouns because they refer to persons or things one at a time.
7. Relative Pronouns
These are the pronouns which relate to some noun which came before in the sentence.
Consider the following examples:
He came in the car which he bought yesterday.
I met Elon who had become the CEO of the company.
These are the books which I read daily.
These are the places which attract most of the tourists.
Pay attention to what I say.
8. Interrogative Pronouns
As the name suggests these are the pronouns used for asking questions.
Read the following sentences:
Who is coming tonight?
What are you hiding from me?
Which is your favorite novel?
Whose is this apartment?
‘Who’ is used for persons only, ‘which’ is used for both persons and things whereas ‘what‘ is used for things only.
for example- Who is there with you?
Whose choice is this? (whose- possessive of ‘who’)
Who won yesterday?
Which of the books did you like the most?
Which one is for me?
Which will you choose?
[which refers to selection]
This is all about Pronouns. Tell us whether it was helpful for you or not. I was unable to add the use of personal pronoun and relative pronoun in this section. So these two topics will be discussed in another post.
Thanks for reading:)