Adverbs

Adverb

An adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of(or describes) an adjective, a verb or another adverb. It is one of the eight parts of speech.

for example:
1. He speaks loudly.
2. This is a very fast car.
3. She dictates quite clearly.

In the above example, in the first sentence, loudly modifies the verb speaks.
‘Very’ modifies the adjective fast in the second sentence.
And in the last sentence, quite modifies the adverb clearly.

Types of Adverbs:

1. Adverb of Time

This type of adverb show when or you can say that it refers to the time when something happened or happens.

for example:
We have not seen him lately.
They go for a walk daily.
We have seen this before.
I shall now go to work.
They won the match yesterday.
They will go for a picnic tomorrow.

2. Adverb of Frequency

It shows how often. Consider the following examples:

She has called me twice.
Jake always participates in competitions.
They often come here.
It frequently makes noise.
I called her again.

3. Adverb of Place

This type of adverb show ‘where’. The following examples will make it more clear.

Come here.
I left the book there.
The deer ran away into the dense forest.
They all looked down.
Keep moving backward.
I looked for the painting everywhere.

4. Adverbs of Manner

This type of adverb shows how or in what manner.

for example:
Slowly and steadily she won the race.
The action was well performed.
He easily passed the interview.
She walked on the ramp gracefully.
He donated the money generously.

5. Adverbs of Degree or Quantity

It shows to what extent, or in what degree or how much. Read the following examples:

They were too aggressive.
He has fully recovered himself.
Her parents were so glad.
The weather was extremely cold that day.

6. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation

As the name itself suggests, this type of adverbs either show affirmation(confirmation) or negation.

for example:
We have never met him. (negation)
He will definitely attend the class tomorrow. (affirmation)
They are certainly training hard. (affirmation)
He does not know me. (negation)
Jake will surely help you. (affirmation)
He no longer attends the class. (negation)
The truly loved their pet animals. (affirmation)
Frank rarely talk to his parents. (negation)

7. Adverb of reason

Read the following sentences:

I am ill today, therefore, I will not attend class.
Consequently, he accepted my apology.
One of their players got injured hence they are unable to play the game.
He is the youngest son thus gets all the attention.

~ Interrogative Adverbs

for example:

When will he come to visit us? (Interrogative adverb of time)
Where is John? (Interrogative adverb of place)
How do you work with him?  (Interrogative adverb of manner)
How much sugar do you take in the tea? (Interrogative of Quantity)
How far is your home from the market?  (Interrogative of Degree)

~ Relative Adverbs

These adverbs just like the relative pronouns refer back to its antecedent.

for example:
This is the school where I used to study.
The day when I got selected for the school Cricket team was a great day.
Do you have any Idea why he left his house?
Let me teach you how it is done.

Position of Adverbs

♠ Adverbs of manner are generally placed after the verb or after the object if there is one.

for example:
Alice writes clearly.
She eats her food slowly.
I drive carefully.
He drives his car carefully.

♠ Adverb of place & adverb of time are also generally placed after the verb or after the object if there is one.

for example:
Put the vase there.
The Police looked for your car everywhere.
Jake leaves for London tomorrow morning.
He took part in the bidding yesterday.

♠ If there are two or more adverbs after a verb (and its object if any), then you should follow the order: adverb of manner, adverb of place, adverb of time.

for example:
She read the terms and conditions clearly at the King’s palace yesterday.
They were quarreling here last week.
Our battalion has fought bravely everwhere it was sent during the last decade.

♠ Adverbs of frequency and some other adverbs like already, almost, hardly, neatly, just, quite are generally put between the subject and the verb if the verb consists of only one word; If there is more than one word in the verb, they are put after the first word.

for example:
He has just bought a car.
I usually do my exercise in the morning.

and if the verb is is/am/are/was/were, these adverbs are placed after the verb.

for example:
I am always on time for my work.
She is already playing tennis in the court.
They are almost ready for the competition.

When these adverbs are stressed, they are placed before the auxiliary.

for example:
She often does visit her parents.
“When will you complete your homework?” “I already have completed it”
“Do you play basketball?” “Yes, I often do play basketball”
“Did he scored a goal?” “No, but he almost did in the first half.”

♠ Adverbs are placed in front of auxiliaries have to and used to.

for example:
She sometimes has to work for more than 8 hours.
They never used to help me.
I often have to wake up early in the morning.
He generally used to study in the library.

♠ When an adverb modifies another adverb or an adjective, the adverb usually comes before it.

for example:
The documentary was quite interesting.
He runs very fast.

♠ Adverb enough is always used after the word which it modifies.

for example:
The message of the story was clear enough.
I have trained enough for the game.
This project is not good enough.

So this is all about Adverbs and their positions in a sentence.

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Thanks for reading:)

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