future tense

Future tense

Future tense is used to express an action that will happen in future time. In this article, all four forms of Future tense will be discussed in detail. We have also given an Introduction to Tenses. Now let’s begin with Future Tense.

Simple Future tense:

Structure:

Simple sentence- S + Will/shall + V1 + O.
Negative sentence- S + Will/shall + Not + V1 + O.
Interrogative sentence – Will/shall + S + V1 +O?
Question word(QW) Interrogative – QW + will/shall+ S + V1 + O?
Negative Interrogative – Will/shall + S + Not + V1 + O?

Consider the following sentences:

  1. I shall listen to music.
    You will write a letter.
  2. He will not read the newspaper.
    Kevin will perform on the stage.
  3. Will it attract people?
    Will she teach us?
  4. When shall we go outside?
    When will Jake join the group?
  5. Will you not ask questions?  Or   Won’t you ask questions?
    Will they not call us.  Or  Won’t they call us?

Will not= Won’t

Will Or Shall

Will and Shall are helping verbs in the future tense and the general rule is that Shall is used with ‘I’ and ‘We'(first person pronoun) whereas Will is used with he, she, you, it etc(second and third person pronoun).

for example:
We shall exercise daily.
You will sing tomorrow.

When you have to express determination the use of will and shall get interchanged: will is used with the first person pronoun and shall with second and third person pronoun.

for example:
I will teach him a lesson.
They shall attend the party.

Use of shall has become very less nowadays but in the case of formal written language, you should follow the above rule.

Use:

1. It is used to talk about the things or events which you can not control or future facts.

for example:
It will be Christmas in a month.
They will get their report cards in the next week.
The poll results will be out next month.
I shall be eighteen this Sunday.

2. To talk about something that you think will happen in the future. Usually used with I think, I am sure, I expect, I believe, probably etc.

for example:
I am sure he will get a job.
We believe she will win the competition.
I expect they will reach on time.
I think our team will perform well.
I will probably come with my friends.

3. When you decide something at the time of speaking.

for example:
“He is studying right now.” – Okay, I will call you later.
“I am at a party. I will meet you tomorrow.”
It is still snowing. We will stay inside for two more days

Using Simple Present Tense to talk about the future:

♠ for events that are part of a fixed timetable:

for example:
When does your next class start?
The next class starts at 11 am.
The flight takes off at 6 am and lands at 1 pm.

♠ this tense is used for the future time in clauses with words like unless, when, as, while, until, before, after, as soon as, and by the time.

for example:
I will go with him if he helps me to finish my work.
Inform the police as soon as you get any information about the culprit.
He will wait until they complete their assignment.
Can we listen to the music before we go on stage?

Use of ‘Going to‘ to talk about the future:

♠ When you have taken a decision before talking about it(a decision which is not instant). Simple Future is used for instant decisions.

for example:
“Have you thought about your further studies?” – “Yes. I am going to attend an online course.”
“How do you suppose to convince the manager?” – “I am going to give him a personal tour of our company”
“Why do you want to resign from this job?”  –  “I am going to start my own business.”

♠ To talk about something that seems certain or likely to happen because of something in the present which gives you a strong reason to believe so.

for example:
He is going to win the tournament.
Turn off the air pump, the balloon is going to burst.
Look at the obstacles, this task is going to be difficult.

♠ To talk about something which is on the point of happening:

for example:
Look! He going to jump off the bridge. (Bungee jumping)
Fasten your seatbelts. The flight is going to take off.

Using ‘Be about to‘ to express future events.

♠ It is used to talk about the immediate future:

for example:
Let’s sit on our seats. The movie is about the begin.
Get ready. The match is about to begin.
Listen carefully, they are about to announce the names.

Using Present Continuous tense to express future actions.

♠ present continuous tense is used to talk about something that you have planned to do in the future:

for example:
They are attending the party tonight.
My uncle is arriving tomorrow morning.
We are celebrating your birthday tomorrow.

Future Continuous Tense:

Structure:

Simple sentence- S + Will/shall + be + V1 +ing + O.
Negative sentence- S + Will/shall + Not +be + V1+ing + O.
Interrogative sentence – Will/shall + S + be + V1+ing +O?
Question word(QW) Interrogative – QW + will/shall + S + be + V1+ing + O?
Negative Interrogative – Will/shall + S + Not + be + V1+ing + O?

Now, read the following sentences which are based on the above structures:

  1. I shall be teaching in the class.
    She will be working on a project.
  2. He will not be entertaining your guests.
    They will not be waiting for you.
  3. Will Peter be attending class tomorrow?
    Will It be producing the same output next year?
  4. Where will he be traveling next week?
    Why will you be attending the seminar next month?
  5. Will they not be talking about our performance?  Or  Won’t they be talking about our performance?
    Will she not be decorating her room tonight?  Or  Won’t she be decorating her room tonight?

In Future Continuous Tense ‘will/shall’ is used along with ‘be‘ and V1+ing is used.

Use of Future Continuous Tense:

1. This tense is used to talk about actions or events which will be going on or in progress at some time in the future.

for example:
If you will call me tomorrow at this time, I will be watching a Cricket match on TV.
At 9 pm, he will be cooking his dinner.
Tomorrow I will be waiting for you at this time.
Next year he will be pursuing his graduation.

2. To talk about actions in the future time which are already planned or which are expected to happen in the future.

for example:
Tyson will be having a chat with the News anchor this Friday.
He will be promoting his charity on the News channel.
Boxing fans will be watching that News show on Friday.
Bob will be staying at the hotel till Sunday.

Use of ‘to be’:

♠ You can use to be + V1 to talk about official events and activities.

for example:
The President is to address the people tomorrow.
The Parliament is to discuss unemployment.
Mayor is to visit the City Hospital next week.

Future Perfect tense:

Structure:

Simple sentence- S + Will/shall + have + V3 + O.
Negative sentence- S + Will/shall + not + have + V3 + O.
Interrogative sentence – Will/shall + S + have + V3 +O?
Question word(QW) Interrogative – QW + will/shall+ S + have + V3 + O?
Negative Interrogative – Will/shall + S + have + Not + V3 + O?

Now, read the following sentences:

  1. I shall have completed my task.
    He will have caught the culprit.
  2. She will not have captured the image.
    We shall not have finished the project.
  3. Will they have acquired the knowledge?
    Will Sam have married?
  4. Why will he have applied for the post?
    When will she have gone to Canada?
  5. Will you not have achieved your goals?   Or   Won’t you have achieved your goals?
    Will they not have asked him about the company.  Or   Won’t they have asked the Company?

In the Future Perfect tense, will/shall have is used with the third form of the verb.

Use:

♦ This tense is used to talk about actions that will be completed by a certain time in the future.

for example:
He will have finished his work before you reach there.
I shall have designed the page by then.
By the end of next week, I shall have written the exam.
By the end of this month, you will have worked here for 2 years.

 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

Structure:

Simple sentence- S + Will/shall + have + been + V1+ing + O.
Negative sentence- S + Will/shall + not + have + been + V1+ing + O.
Interrogative sentence – Will/shall + S + have + been + V1+ing +O?
Question word(QW) Interrogative – QW + will/shall+ S + have + been + V1+ing + O?
Negative Interrogative – Will/shall + S + have + Not + been + V1+ing + O?

Read the following sentences based on the above structures:

  1. Tim will have been working in this office for 3 years.
    He will have been studying for 2 hours.
  2. She will have not been playing for the club for three months.
    They will have not been seeing each other for one month.
  3. Will you have been teaching in the city for 2 weeks.
    Will she have been painting for 3 days.
  4. Why will he have been typing for 3 hours by then?
    Where will she have been living for two years by 2008?
  5. Will he have not been attending classes for 2 days by Monday?  Or  Won’t he have been attending classes for 2 days by Monday?
    Will she have not been managing his team for 3 months?  Or  Won’t she have been managing his team for 3 months?

Use:

1. This form of tense is used to talk about actions which will be in progress sometime in the future and will end sometime in the future.

for example:
By next year I shall have been studying in this college for two years.
He will have been working on this project for 3 months next year.
Jake will have been teaching Economics for 2 years by Monday.

 

This is all about Future Tense. You can give us feedback and tell us if it is helpful for you or not.

Thanks for reading:)

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